Dogs have been selectively bred for thousands of years, sometimes by inbreeding dogs from the same ancestral lines, sometimes by mixing dogs from very different lines. The process continues today, resulting in a wide variety of breeds, hybrids, and types of dog. As such, dogs are the only animal with such a wide variation in appearance without speciation, "from the Chihuahua to the Great Dane."

The following list uses a wide interpretation of "breed." Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. The basic types are companion dogs, guard dogs, hunting dogs, herding dogs, and working dogs, although there are many other types and subtypes. Breeds listed here may be traditional breeds with long histories as registered breeds, rare breeds with their own registries, or new breeds that may still be under development.

In some cases, a breed's origin overlaps the boundaries of two or more countries; the dog is normally listed only in the country with which it is most commonly associated; for example, by its designated country according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Some dogs, such as the Löwchen, have an uncertain origin and are listed under several countries.

○  Intelligence

Dog intelligence is the ability of the dog to perceive information and retain it as knowledge for applying to solve problems. Dogs have been shown to learn by inference. A study with Dogs showed that he knew the labels of over 200 different items. He inferred the names of novel items by exclusion learning and correctly retrieved those novel items immediately and also 4 weeks after the initial exposure. Dogs have advanced memory skills. A study documented the learning and memory capabilities of a border collie, "Chaser", who had learned the names and could associate by verbal command over 1,000 words. Dogs are able to read and react appropriately to human body language such as gesturing and pointing, and to understand human voice commands. Dogs demonstrate a theory of mind by engaging in deception. A study showed compelling evidence that Australian dingos can outperform domestic dogs in non-social problem-solving experiment, indicating that domestic dogs may have lost much of their original problem-solving abilities once they joined humans. Another study indicated that after undergoing training to solve a simple manipulation task, dogs that are faced with an insoluble version of the same problem look at the human, while socialized wolves do not. Modern domestic dogs use humans to solve their problems for them.

○  Behavior

Dog behavior is the internally coordinated responses (actions or inactions) of the domestic dog (individuals or groups) to internal and/or external stimuli. As the oldest domesticated species, with estimates ranging from 9,000–30,000 years BCE, the minds of dogs inevitably have been shaped by millennia of contact with humans. As a result of this physical and social evolution, dogs, more than any other species, have acquired the ability to understand and communicate with humans and they are uniquely attuned to our behaviors. Behavioral scientists have uncovered a surprising set of social-cognitive abilities in the otherwise humble domestic dog. These abilities are not possessed by the dog's closest canine relatives nor by other highly intelligent mammals such as great apes. Rather, these skills parallel some of the social-cognitive skills of human children.

○  Communication

Dog communication is about how dogs "speak" to each other, how they understand messages that humans send to them, and how humans can translate the ideas that dogs are trying to transmit. These communication behaviors include eye gaze, facial expression, vocalization, body posture and gustatory communication. Humans communicate with dogs by using vocalization, hand signals and body posture.

○  Breeds

Most breeds of dog are at most a few hundred years old, having been artificially selected for particular morphologies and behaviors by people for specific functional roles. Through this selective breeding, the dog has developed into hundreds of varied breeds, and shows more behavioral and morphological variation than any other land mammal. For example, height measured to the withers ranges from 15.2 centimetres (6.0 in) in the Chihuahua to about 76 cm (30 in) in the Irish Wolfhound; color varies from white through grays (usually called "blue") to black, and browns from light (tan) to dark ("red" or "chocolate") in a wide variation of patterns; coats can be short or long, coarse-haired to wool-like, straight, curly, or smooth. It is common for most breeds to shed this coat.

While all dogs are genetically very similar, natural selection and selective breeding have reinforced certain characteristics in certain populations of dogs, giving rise to dog types and dog breeds. Dog types are broad categories based on function, genetics, or characteristics. Dog breeds are groups of animals that possess a set of inherited characteristics that distinguishes them from other animals within the same species. Modern dog breeds are non-scientific classifications of dogs kept by modern kennel clubs.

Purebred dogs of one breed are genetically distinguishable from purebred dogs of other breeds, but the means by which kennel clubs classify dogs is unsystematic. Systematic analyses of the dog genome has revealed only four major types of dogs that can be said to be statistically distinct. These include the "old world dogs", "Mastiff"-type, "herding"-type, and "all others".

List of Dog Breeds: Click any list more details




Dandie Dinmont Terrier 
Doberman Pinscher
Dogue de Bordeaux 

English Cocker Spaniel
English Foxhound 
English Setter 
English Springer Spaniel 
English Toy Spaniel 
Entlebucher Mountain Dog 

Field Spaniel
Finnish Lapphund
Finnish Spitz 
Flat-Coated Retriever
Fox Terrier
French Bulldog 

German Pinscher
German Shepherd Dog 
German Shorthaired Pointer 
German Wirehaired Pointer 
Giant Schnauzer 
Glen of Imaal Terrier 
Golden Retriever 
Gordon Setter 
Great Dane 
Great Pyrenees
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog 


Ibizan Hound
Icelandic Sheepdog
Irish Red and White Setter
Irish Setter
Irish Terrier 
Irish Water Spaniel
Irish Wolfhound
Italian Greyhound

Jack Russell Terrier
Japanese Chin 

Korean Jindo Dog
Kerry Blue Terrier

Labrador Retriever
Lakeland Terrier 
Lancashire Heeler
Lhasa Apso

Maltese Shih Tzu 
Manchester Terrier
Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Schnauzer

Neapolitan Mastiff
Norfolk Terrier
Norwegian Buhund 
Norwegian Elkhound 
Norwegian Lundehund 
Norwich Terrier 
Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever 

Old English Sheepdog

Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
Pharaoh Hound 
Pocket Beagle
Polish Lowland Sheepdog
Portuguese Water Dog 
Pyrenean Shepherd

Rat Terrier
Redbone Coonhound
Rhodesian Ridgeback

Saint Bernard
Scottish Deerhound 
Scottish Terrier 
Sealyham Terrier 
Shetland Sheepdog 
Shiba Inu 
Shih Tzu 
Siberian Husky 
Silky Terrier 
Skye Terrier 
Small Munsterlander Pointer 
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Stabyhoun Stabyhoun
Staffordshire Bull Terrier 
Standard Schnauzer
Sussex Spaniel 
Swedish Vallhund 

Tibetan Mastiff
Tibetan Spaniel
Tibetan Terrier 
Toy Fox Terrier 
Treeing Tennessee Brindle 
Treeing Walker Coonhound 


Welsh Springer Spaniel
Welsh Terrier 
West Highland White Terrier 
Wirehaired Pointing Griffon


Yorkshire Terrier

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Posted On: 22-12-2015


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